careif is involved in generating new evidence and health policies that promote and protect public health in a culturally diverse society. Extreme views can lead to actions that are harmful to individuals and society. These views can be expressed in rhetoric about religion, or lifestyles, or prohibitions about everyday choices, consumption patterns or gender relations. A public health approach can inform policy makers and practitioners about the evidence to support specific policies that promote health and well being, whilst tackling those extreme views that are risky or unhealthy. Making this distinction requires care when interpreting evidence, when testing policies and practices, and when building new evidence. For example, very recent acts of terrorism in the UK were perpetrated by ‘homegrown’, well-educated young people rather than by foreign Islamist groups; consequently, a process of violent radicalization was proposed to explain how ordinary people were recruited and persuaded to sacrifice their lives. his paper proposes public health research and practice to guard against violent radicalisation.
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Future work is underway to test new and important hypotheses.